Maple syrup. Maple syrup is made from maple sugar. What is a maple now? Maple is a genus of trees or shrubs with the scientific name Acer. The scientific name of the maple is due to its characteristic leaves with three or five pointed ends. Produced in Canada with a natural two-stage process. The preparation comprises piercing or drilling a tree to obtain the sap of the tree. These trees accumulate starch in their roots and trunks, especially in the period before winter. The long accumulation of this starch makes it easy to convert it from its original state into sugar. During the spring season, the sugar rises and mixes with water to form the juice that is ready for collection or harvest. Since the juice contains a high due to water, it must be treated to evaporate the water, leaving behind the concentrated, thick syrup. The final product comes through a heating process. The whole process does not involve the use of chemical additives or preservatives. Maple syrup is a natural sweetener that does not contain added sugar, dyes, artificial flavors, preservatives or additives. Like all sweeteners, it has no significant amount of protein or fat. In contrast, 66% of syrup is made up of carbohydrates, of which 90% are natural sugars. Each 100g of product yields 260 calories and consists of 32% water.